A herdsman in the Chinese area of Inner Mongolia was confirmed to be contaminated with bubonic plague, well being officers stated, a reminder of how even because the world battles a pandemic attributable to a novel virus, previous threats stay.
The Bayannur metropolis well being fee stated the plague was identified in the herdsman on Sunday, and he was in secure situation present process remedy at a hospital.
The fee additionally issued a third-level alert, the second lowest in a four-level system, warning individuals in opposition to searching, consuming or transporting doubtlessly contaminated animals, notably marmots, and to report any useless or diseased rodents.
The metropolis authorities stated it had put in place plague-prevention measures that may stay in power for the remainder of the yr.
The illness, which brought about the Black Death in the Middle Ages, is attributable to the Yersinia pestis bacterium and is transmitted by fleas that change into contaminated by rodents. In Inner Mongolia, the host is commonly marmots that dwell in rural areas.
In November, Beijing officers stated two individuals from Inner Mongolia were found to have pneumonic plague, another form of plague caused by the same bacterium. Pneumonic plague is the only form that can be transmitted person to person, through respiratory droplets.
If not treated, pneumonic plague is invariably fatal, while bubonic plague is fatal in about 30 percent to 60 percent of untreated cases, the World Health Organization says. Antibiotics can cure the disease if delivered early.
The neighboring country of Mongolia was also investigating a suspected case of bubonic plague involving a 15-year-old, who had apparently been in contact with a marmot hunted by a dog, The Global Times said on Twitter. On Monday, Mongolia announced that it had lifted restrictions in Khovd Province after two cases of bubonic plague linked to the consumption of marmot meat were reported a week ago. Health officials said the patients’ conditions had improved, the Ikon.mn news site reported.
Plague cases are found in limited numbers across much of the world. In the United States, about seven cases, usually the bubonic form, are reported on average each year, most often in rural areas of western states, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.