As November attracts nearer, just a few present and former Republican officers have begun to break ranks with the remainder of their social gathering, saying in private and non-private conversations that they won’t help President Trump in his re-election. Some have even mentioned that they are going to be voting for his Democratic opponent, Joseph R. Biden Jr.
As Mr. Trump’s political standing has slipped, fueled by his failures in dealing with the coronavirus pandemic and by the financial recession, some Republicans have discovered it simpler to publicly resign their backing.
Here is a operating checklist of those that have mentioned they won’t help Mr. Trump in the fall, those that have gone a step additional and mentioned they’ll vote for Mr. Biden, and those that have hinted they could not again the president.
Will not help Trump’s re-election
Former President George W. Bush: Although he has not spoken about whom he’ll vote for in November, individuals aware of Mr. Bush’s pondering have mentioned it received’t be Mr. Trump. Mr. Bush didn’t endorse him in 2016.
Senator Mitt Romney of Utah: Mr. Romney has lengthy been essential of Mr. Trump, and was the only Republican senator to vote to convict him during his impeachment trial. Mr. Romney is still mulling over whom he will vote for in November — he opted for his wife, Ann, four years ago — but he is said to be sure it won’t be the president.
John Bolton, the former national security adviser: As he rolled out his recently published book, “The Room Where It Happened,” Mr. Bolton said in multiple interviews that he would not vote for Mr. Trump in November. He added that he would write in the name of a conservative Republican, but that he was not sure which one.
Gov. Phil Scott of Vermont: Mr. Scott has said multiple times this summer that he will not be voting for the president, a position that he also took in 2016. He says he has not yet decided whether or not he will vote for Mr. Biden.
William H. McRaven, a retired four-star Navy admiral: Several Republican admirals and generals have publicly announced they will not support the president. In an interview with The New York Times, Admiral McRaven, who directed the raid that killed Osama bin Laden, said, “This fall, it’s time for new leadership in this country — Republican, Democrat or independent.”
He added, “President Trump has shown he doesn’t have the qualities necessary to be a good commander in chief.”
Cindy McCain, the widow of Senator John McCain: During the Democratic National Convention on Tuesday, Ms. McCain appeared in a video and recounted her husband’s relationship with Mr. Biden. Although she did not endorse Mr. Biden in the video, Ms. McCain has expressed frustration with the direction of the Republican Party under Mr. Trump, whose attacks on Mr. McCain continued after the senator’s death.
Planning to vote for Biden, or say they are leaning that way
John Kasich, the former governor of Ohio: After competing against Mr. Trump in the 2016 Republican primary, Mr. Kasich has never really thrown his support behind the president. But this week, he will be speaking at the Democratic National Convention and making the case for Mr. Biden.
“I’ve known Joe,” Mr. Kasich said on CNN recently. “I’ve known him for 30 years. I know the kind of guy he is.”
Colin Powell, the former secretary of state: Mr. Powell announced in June that he would vote for Mr. Biden. He said that Mr. Trump “lies about things” and that Republicans in Congress would not hold him accountable. Mr. Powell added that he was close to Mr. Biden politically and socially and had worked with him for more than 35 years. On Tuesday night, he gave a message of support to Mr. Biden at the Democratic convention.
Miles Taylor, a former chief of staff at the Department of Homeland Security: Mr. Taylor endorsed Mr. Biden, saying that the president was “actively doing damage to our security” and that what he had witnessed Mr. Trump do as chief executive “was terrifying.” Mr. Taylor is the most senior former member of the administration to openly endorse Mr. Biden.
Christine Whitman, a former governor of New Jersey: Ms. Whitman was one of the few Republicans speaking at the Democratic National Convention. In October, Ms. Whitman told the television host Larry King that she would vote for Mr. Biden if he were the nominee, calling him the Democrats’ “best chance at winning in 2020.”
Meg Whitman, the chief executive of Quibi: A former senior official for both of Mitt Romney’s presidential campaigns and a former Republican candidate for governor of California, Ms. Whitman (no relation to Christine Whitman) also spoke at the Democratic Convention. She supported Hillary Clinton in 2016.
Susan Molinari, a former congresswoman from New York: Ms. Molinari spoke at the convention, as well. A former lobbyist for Google, she was on the Trump administration’s transition contributor list, but now appears to be supporting Mr. Biden.
Carly Fiorina, a 2016 presidential candidate: Ms. Fiorina has said she will support Mr. Biden because he is “a person of humility and empathy and character.”
Representative Francis Rooney of Florida: Mr. Rooney has said he was considering supporting Mr. Biden partly because Mr. Trump was “driving us all crazy” and because the president’s handling of the coronavirus led to a death toll that “didn’t have to happen.” Mr. Rooney’s hesitation about Mr. Biden was his worry that left-wing Democrats might pull the former vice president away from the moderate political mainstream. But he does think Mr. Biden can win.
“A lot of people that voted for President Trump did so because they did not like Hillary Clinton,” Mr. Rooney said. “I don’t see that happening with Joe Biden — how can you not like Joe Biden?”
Charlie Dent, a former congressman from Pennsylvania: Mr. Dent endorsed Mr. Biden on CNN, saying “this isn’t about right or left — for me, it’s about right and wrong.”
More than 70 top Republican national security officials: Hours before Mr. Biden accepted the Democratic nomination, the officials released a letter stating that they would be voting for Mr. Biden in November and that Mr. Trump was “unfit to lead.” Among the signatories were former Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel; Michael Hayden, the former C.I.A. and N.S.A. director; John Negroponte, the former director of national intelligence; and William Webster, the former director of the C.I.A. and the F.B.I.
Jeff Flake, the former senator from Arizona: Earlier this year, Mr. Flake had said that he would not be supporting Mr. Trump in November, but he is now part of a group of former Republican members of Congress who say they will be voting for Mr. Biden.
Gordon Humphrey, the former senator from New Hampshire: In 2017, Mr. Humphrey said that the president was “delusional and unfit to lead.” A member of the “New Hampshire Independents for Biden” coalition, he has endorsed Mr. Biden in November.
John Warner, the former senator from Virginia: Mr. Warner, who has been vocal about his dislike of the president since the 2016 election, joined a group of G.O.P. former members of Congress endorsing Mr. Biden on the first morning of the Republican National Convention.
Former Representative Steve Bartlett of Texas
Former Representative William Clinger Jr. of Pennsylvania
Former Representative Tom Coleman of Missouri
Former Representative Charles Djou of Hawaii: Mr. Djou left the Republican Party in 2018 because, he said, Mr. Trump was taking the party in a direction he “fundamentally” disagreed with. He endorsed Mr. Biden the first morning of the Republican convention.
Mickey Edwards, a writer and a former Oklahoma congressman: In 2019, Mr. Edwards was part of a group of 19 former G.O.P. members who denounced Mr. Trump’s border wall as “unconstitutional.” Mr. Edwards also officially endorsed Mr. Biden as the Republican convention began.
Former Representative Wayne Gilchrest of Maryland: Mr. Gilchrest, who served for nine terms in Congress as a Republican, left the party in 2019. He’s now a registered Democrat endorsing Mr. Biden.
Former Representative Jim Greenwood of Pennsylvania
Former Representative Bob Inglis of South Carolina: Since 2016, Mr. Inglis has been critical about the Trump presidency, especially when it comes to climate change. He’s now decided to endorse Mr. Biden.
Former Representative Jim Kolbe of Arizona: Mr. Kolbe left the Republican Party in 2018, is now registered as an independent and has endorsed Mr. Biden for the fall.
Former Representative Steve Kuykendall of California
Former Representative Ray LaHood of Illinois: Early this year, Mr. LaHood told The State Journal-Register that he would not be supporting Mr. Trump because the president “was not my kind of politician.” He will be supporting Mr. Biden, he said. Mr. LaHood donated to Mr. Biden’s campaign when the former vice president announced his candidacy.
Former Representative Jim Leach of Iowa: Mr. Leach’s endorsement of Mr. Biden isn’t the first time he has supported a Democrat — he publicly endorsed Barack Obama in 2008. It’s also not the first time he has gone against Mr. Trump — he refused to endorse or support him in 2016.
Former Representative Connie Morella of Maryland
Former Representative Mike Parker of Mississippi
Former Representative Jack Quinn of New York
Former Representative Claudine Schneider of Rhode Island: Ms. Schneider backed Mrs. Clinton in 2016, and is again endorsing the Democratic candidate this cycle by backing Mr. Biden.
Former Representative Christopher Shays of Connecticut: Last year on “Politicking with Larry King,” Mr. Shays made his case for why he would be supporting Mr. Biden in 2020.
Former Representative Peter Smith of Vermont
Former Representative Alan Steelman of Texas
Former Representative Jim Walsh of New York: In an interview with The Post-Standard of Syracuse, Mr. Walsh said endorsing Mr. Biden wasn’t a “difficult decision.”
“Vice President Biden has an excellent chance to beat this guy. And I think Biden has the qualities and values to clean up this mess that President Trump has gotten us into,” Mr. Walsh added.
Former Representative Bill Whitehurst of Virginia
Former Representative Dick Zimmer of New Jersey: In 2016, Mr. Zimmer endorsed Gary Johnson, the Libertarian candidate. This time around, he has decided to endorse Mr. Biden.
Have expressed reluctance or misgivings, but haven’t openly dropped their backing
Paul Ryan and John Boehner, the former speakers of the House: Both have expressed their dislike of the president, but have not said whom they will support in November.
John Kelly, a former chief of staff to the president: Mr. Kelly has not said whom he plans to vote for, but did say he wished “we had some additional choices.”
Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska: She has said that she’s grappling with whether to support Mr. Trump in November. She told reporters on Capitol Hill in June: “I am struggling with it. I have struggled with it for a long time.”
She said: “I think right now, as we are all struggling to find ways to express the words that need to be expressed appropriately, questions about who I’m going to vote for or not going to vote for, I think, are distracting at the moment. I know people might think that’s a dodge, but I think there are important conversations that we need to have as an American people among ourselves about where we are right now.”
Mark Sanford, a former congressman and governor of South Carolina: Mr. Sanford briefly challenged the president in this cycle’s Republican primary, and said last year that he would support Mr. Trump if the president won the nomination (which was never in doubt).
That has since changed.
“He’s treading on very thin ice,” Mr. Sanford said in June, worrying that the president is threatening the stability of the country.
Dan Coats, a former senator from Indiana: Mr. Coats, who used to be Mr. Trump’s director of intelligence, is worried about the administration’s effects on the intelligence community. He hasn’t said whom he will support. Kevin Kellems, a longtime adviser to Mr. Coats, said that “ultimately he remains a loyal Republican, but he believes the American people will decide on Nov. 3.”
Maggie Haberman contributed reporting.